Agriculture and Horticulture are vital sciences as they suffice the very basic need of food for the Human beings. Qualitative and quantitative food can essentially be produced from healthy plants which in turn are produced only when their seedlings/sapplings are vigorous and healthy. Nursery is consequently the basic need of horticulture. Plant propagation techniques and practices is the core of horticulture nurseries. The planting materials for horticultural plantations are raised from seeds and vegetative parts.
Role of Mother Plants is very primary and important. The fate of nursery depends on quality and truthfulness of mother plants. A good nursery entrepreneur does not depend on others for procurement of mother plants. Mother plants are required for both stock and scion. Mother plants should be selected on the basis of its genetic traits and other factors like availability and adaptation in the growing environment.
Scope and Importance of Plant Propagation in Horticulture
Most of the horticultural plants, particularly the fruit trees, are perennial in nature. Some of the fruit trees survive and produce fruits for about 100 years. Horticulture has a significant role in human nutrition. It plays a prime role in wealth generation and socio- economic status of the farmers. Most of the horticultural crops are propagated vegetatively for which nursery units are necessary. There are plentiful programs being implemented to develop the nurseries and there by bringing about horticultural development.
Importance of Plant Propagation for Landscaping
Landscaping one‟s home is a very personal process. A garden should necessarily be unique and reflect the owner‟s personality. The value of a designed garden or landscape escalates with its age. Same is the case with the plants. If a small evergreen plant fetches a prize of Rs. 100 at the time of planting, it is bound to fetch Rs 500 after 5 years of its growth. A designed garden not only increases the appeal and privacy of the property but it also adds to the value of the property.
Nowadays, landscaping and garden architects have become a part of the modern life. To design and develop the modern corporate gardening, the professionals use periodicals and magazines which are specialized in this respect.
Importance of Plant Propagation for Starting a Backyard Plant Nursery
When people think of a plant nursery, the local garden center usually comes to mind. Fact is, most garden centers produce very few of the plants they sell. Instead, they procure the planting material from outside nurseries, which actually grow the plants. One finds specialty plant nurseries ranging in size from tiny backyard nurseries to giant regional wholesale nurseries, who supply retailers in the adjoining states of the country.
A backyard plant nursery often specializes in plants that are in demand and can be container-grown to save space. A relatively new development in container growing – called the “pot-in-pot” system, allows growers to produce larger trees and shrubs without the back-breaking hand digging and high water consumption required for field growing. For smaller plants, container growing saves time, water and transplanting. Growers who live in a small town or rural area can also make a good income focusing on wholesale plant sales to retail nurseries and landscapers around their region.
Some nurseries just replant young plants obtained from wholesale specialized nurseries, rear these plants till they attain a certain size in larger pots or containers and then sell these plants. Once mother plants are obtained one can easily propagate more by cuttings or root division and reduce the plant propagation cost. This can really make a difference with ground covers and ornamental grasses, for example, because most customers need dozens of saplings, not just one or two.
Specific Importance of Plant Nursery
1. Seedlings and grafts are produced in nursery and the fruit orchards and ornamental gardens can be established with minimum care, cost and maintenance.
2. The nursery planting materials are available at the beginning of the planting season. This saves the time, money and efforts of the farmers to raise seedlings.
3. There is a wide scope for fruit orchards, ornamental, vegetable, and landscape gardens at public gardens, highways and co operative