In an environment, men and women relate in different ways. The changes in the atmosphere have an impact on their lives. Managing natural resources and sustaining communities’ women play a critical role. They depend on natural resources for their livelihoods; as it may, their commitments towards the environment are underestimated and ignored. They sustainably use the natural resources determines not only the survival of their families but also their own. Women are likewise almost certain than men to live in neediness, and they are more helpless against the effects of environmental change and other ecological risks, particularly in agricultural nations. These distinctions are regularly amplified by different elements, like age, financial status, and topographical area. Thus, there is an imperative for understanding how issues such as division of labor, access to information, and ownership rights require a gendered understanding for policy prescriptions and development initiatives in the agriculture sector and those impacting the environment.
Women have consistently assumed a focal part in agriculture, undertaking a broad scope of exercises identifying with food creation, handling and showcasing. They additionally accept a critical role in land and water management in every non-industrial nation. They approach nearby information on the restorative utilization of plants; they engage in soil protection programs, and what’s more, it is women who perform the vast majority of the work on animals. As transcendently small farmers, women have generally been answerable for selecting, improving, and transforming plant assortments that have upheld and expanded horticultural biodiversity.
As we as a whole realize, agribusiness contributes a binding offer to the GDP in the public economies of most developing nations, which underlines the linkages between agrarian execution and the output and earnings of different areas and those between governments by significant goals like employment generation, poverty alleviation, food security and many more. In any case, with the growing commercialization of agribusiness and redirection of agricultural land for non-horticultural utilizations, the capacity of women to get business, protect and satisfy their essential needs is diminishing.
Given the broad participation of women in all parts of agrarian production, the mainstreaming of gender orientation into the agribusiness area is a crucial methodology not for the advancement of balance but rather additionally for sustainable agriculture and rural development. A vital result of the mainstreaming approach is that women’s interests were previously seen in segregation or as discrete issues by the authorities, prompting their minimization in the state framework and other social constructions. By mainstream, this will supplant a methodology that makes more material assets accessible to them yet guarantees that women farmers will furnish more outstanding facilities at the micro-level.
Notwithstanding this, there remain several areas where advancing gender equality has not been significant and represents future challenges. So, the question is, is there any way of strengthening women’s control over resources in environmental projects? The chances of legal changes guaranteeing women independent rights might take time, and at the same time, they likewise should be supplemented at the local level by developing women’s ability to ensure the new rights accomplished. Thus, women should support collective actions as this can confer inalienable rights over natural resources.
Mrigalika Majumdar is a recent Bachelors graduate from Amity University, Noida with a B.A. (Hons) in International Relations and also, she is pursuing PG Diploma in Development Studies from IGNOU. She is currently volunteering for Early Action.